Association between dietary habits and chronic diseases in Chinese adults in BaojiCastelnuovo Gianluca
Chronic diseases have become a major public health concern in China, including in the city of Baoji. The prevalence of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2diabetes, and obesity, has been increasing rapidly in recent years. Dietary habits are known to play a significant role in the development and management of chronic diseases. This review aims to explore the association between dietary habits and chronic diseases in Chinese adults residing in Baoji. Several studies have examined the relationship between dietary habits and chronic diseases in Chinese adults living in various regions. Findings suggest that unhealthy dietary habits, such as a high intake of processed foods, refined carbohydrates, and saturated fats, are associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases. Conversely, a healthy dietary pattern characterized by a high intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins has been associated with a reduced risk of chronic diseases. Specific dietary factors, such as excessive sodium consumption, inadequate dietary fiber intake, and imbalanced macronutrient distribution, have been identified as key contributors to the development of chronic diseases in the Chinese population. Furthermore, cultural and socioeconomic factors influence dietary habits in Baoji and may contribute to the prevalence of chronic diseases in this population.